Kent and Utrecht are world leaders in cultural criminology. Kent, Utrecht and Hamburg have innovated in visual criminological research as well as new cultural methods. Globalisation is a theme across all four centres, whether in crime, control and social exclusion (ELTE and Kent), or the drug trade and its cultures (Kent, Utrecht, Hamburg), or the links between the local and the global in youth crime, culture and control (Kent, Hamburg, Utrecht), or the trade-offs between security measures and human rights (Hamburg, ELTE), or in environmental damage and the associated blurred boundaries between crime and social harm (Utrecht), or in the relationship between migration, social and legal exclusion (ELTE). In each one of these fields, critical perspectives entail the relevance of research to policy makers, civil society actors and criminal justice agents.
Their geographic diversity furnishes considerable advantage. The UK, the Netherlands, Germany and Hungary providing opportunities for both a West and an East European perspective. The diversity within the consortium means that candidates will have a choice of legal and policy cultures and different national as well as disciplinary viewpoints. They will benefit from social contacts and networking with a significant number of doctoral candidates in each location who are undertaking a wide range of research in social science and law-based criminology.